[Event "New York Rice final"] [Site "New York"] [Date "1916.??.??"] [Round "3"] [White "Janowski, Dawid Markelowicz"] [Black "Capablanca, Jose Raul"] [Result "0-1"] [ECO "D10"] [Annotator "Irving Chernev"] [PlyCount "92"] [EventDate "1916.02.07"] [EventType "tourn"] [EventRounds "4"] [EventCountry "USA"] [Source "ChessBase"] [SourceDate "1999.07.01"] {IN THE GRAND MANNER In the book of the New York 1924 Tournament, Alekhine says of the game between Capablanca and Yates, "Capablanca's planning of the game is so full of that freshness of his genius for position play that every hyper-modern player can only envy him." In the game that follows, Capablanca shows his consummate mastery of all styles of play! The subtle strategy initiated by his 10th move could have been a profound concept of Lasker's; the powerful restraing moves by the Pawns are worthy of Philidor, the switch attack from one side of the board to the other is reminiscent of a Bogolybov attack, the sacrifice of a Pawn on the Queen side in orer to win a piece on the King side is in the style of Spielmann, while the mate threat might have been the inspiration for the finish of the Nimzovich - Bernstein game at Carlsbad in 1923. The whole game might have been a breathtaking brilliancy of Alekhine's - except that it was played by Capablanca!} 1. d4 Nf6 2. Nf3 d5 3. c4 c6 {The purpose of this, the Slav Defence, is to support the center Pawn without locking in the Queen Bishop as occurs after 5. ...e6. The drawback in this line is that an early development of the Bishop weakens the Queen} 4. Nc3 Bf5 {Diagram [#]} 5. Qb3 ({A stronger continuation is} 5. cxd5 cxd5 6. Qb3 Qb6 7. Nxd5 Nxd5 8. Qxd5 e6 9. Qb3 Qxb3 10. axb3 Bc2 11. Bd2 Bxb3 12. e4 {as in the classical 23-mover won by Torre from Gothilf in 1925.}) 5... Qb6 6. Qxb6 axb6 7. cxd5 Nxd5 8. Nxd5 cxd5 {Black's Queen side Pawns are weak, but in return for this two open files are available to his Rooks.} 9. e3 Nc6 10. Bd2 {Diagram [#]} Bd7 $3 {One of the most profound moves ever played - easily surpassing the highly-praised 19.Rad1 in the celebrated Anderssen - Dufresne game, and equaling in sublety the 36.Rd5 move in the Alekhine - Tartakover masterpiece played at Vienna in 1922. Not only does Cpablanca undevelop the Bishop, but he locks it in next move by 11. .... e6! Capablanca intends to continue by ....Na5, .....b5 (the Pawn being protected by the Bishop) and .... Nc4. The Knight would then occupy an important outpost and be strongly supported by Pawns. It is true that White could capture the Knight, but the recapture would not only undouble Black's b-Pawns, but leave him with the advantage of two Bishops. In the consequent play, Black could bring a great deal of pressure to bear on his opponent's Queen side Pawns.} 11. Be2 e6 12. O-O Bd6 13. Rfc1 Ke7 $1 {Capablanca prepares for the ending (even at this early stage!) by bringing his King to the center, instead of castling.} 14. Bc3 Rhc8 15. a3 {this frees White's Queen rook from the defense of the a-Pawn, but it creates a hole at b3, an organic weakness which is irremediable. The energetic 15.Ne5 was preferable.} Na5 $1 {Black proceeds with his plan of posting the Knight at c4. White can prevBxa5, but the recapture by 16 ....bxa5 straightens out Black's Pawns, and leaves him with two bishops.} 16. Nd2 {Guards against loss of the exchange by 16....Nb3 and also prepares for 17.e4, an advance in the center which offers hope of counter-play.} f5 $1 {"Not through the Iron Duke!" as bridge players say.} 17. g3 b5 18. f3 {Diagram [#] This is the position, with Black to play.} Nc4 { "Black's first plan is completed" says Capablanca. "White will now have to take the knight, and Black's only weakness, the doubled b-Pawn, will become a source of great strength at c4. Now for two or three moves Black will devote his time to improving the general strategic position of his pieces before evolving a new plan, this time a plan of attack against White's position"} 19. Bxc4 {Janowsky would rather capture with the Knight, but after 19....bxc4 in reply, his bishops would have very little scope.} bxc4 20. e4 Kf7 {Clears a good square for his Bishop, in the event of an attack on it by 21.e5.} 21. e5 ( {This move and White's next, are anti-positional, if only for the fact that placing Pawns on black squares ewduces the mobility of his Bishop - that can only travel on blck squares only! A far better plan (since we must be constructive) was} 21. exd5 exd5 22. f4 { followed by 23.Nf3 and 24.Ne5+. The Knight would then be strongly plced, while its removal would cost Black one of his bishops, and leave White with a protected passed Pawn.}) 21... Be7 22. f4 {Diagram [#]} b5 {The threat of breaking through, after suitable preparation, by ..... b4 will fix White's pieces on the Queen side. Black could then switch suddenly to the King side, break up that wing by ....g5 and attack on the open b-file with his Rooks.} 23. Kf2 ({If White plays} 23. Bb4 {instead (to prevent the positional breakthrough by ....b4) the continuation} Bxb4 24. axb4 Ra4 25. Rxa4 bxa4 {followed by 26.. ....Rh8 wins a Pawn for Black.}) 23... Ra4 24. Ke3 Rca8 {Threatens to win a piece with 25 .....b4.} 25. Rab1 h6 26. Nf3 g5 27. Ne1 Rg8 28. Kf3 ({more tenascious resistance might have been offered by} 28. Ng2 {in order to recapture with the Knight on} gxf4+) 28... gxf4 29. gxf4 Raa8 30. Ng2 Rg4 31. Rg1 {Diagram [#]} Rag8 {"Black is now ready to reap the reward for his well developed plan," says Capablanca. "All that is now needed to incline the balance in his favor is to bring the Bishop at d7 to bear pressure against White's position."} 32. Be1 {Janowsky fights hard to escape from the pin. He plans to rescue the Knight from the attack threatened on it by Black's b-Pawn with this line of play 32......h5 33.Bf2 h4 34.h3 Rdg7 35.Ne3, and he can breathe again. But Capablanca crosses him up be switching the action to the Queen side! This is the position with Black to play. Diagram [#]} b4 $1 {A brilliant sacrifice! It clears a diagonal for the Queen Bishop, whose next few moves practically decides the game. The Bishop has had to wait in the wings since its memorable 10th move.} 33. axb4 ({The alternative is} 33. Bxb4 Bxb4 34. axb4 {and Black can pursue the attack by 34. ....h5 or 34. ... Rb8, either of which should be good enough to win.}) 33... Ba4 $1 {The bishop is on its way to c2 (gainng time there by attacking the Rook) and then to e4, where it will strike at the Knight behind the King.} 34. Ra1 ({If White plays} 34. Rc1 {to prevent the Bishop from coming in, the reply} Rxf4+ $1 {wins for Black. Capablanca's games are studded with these little tactical finesses.}) 34... Bc2 35. Bg3 {This saves the Knight from the effects of 35......Be4+, by cutting off the pressure of the Rooks on the file. But the pin is still effective, as Cpablanca quickly demonstrates.} Be4+ 36. Kf2 {Diagram [#]} h5 $1 (36... h5 { Threatens to win a piece by} 37. -- h4 38. Nxh4 Bxh4 39. Bxh4 Rxh4) 37. Ra7 ({ White works up some kind of attack, since} 37. Ne3 {offers no hope after} h4 38. Nxg4 fxg4 {and Black wins two pieces for the rook.}) 37... Bxg2 38. Rxg2 h4 39. Bxh4 Rxg2+ 40. Kf3 Rxh2 41. Bxe7 ({On} 41. Rxe7+ {instead, Black wins by} Kf8 42. Bf6 Rgh8 {(the threat of mate on the move cleverly forces a reduction of pieces.)} 43. Bxh8 Kxe7 {and the rest is child's play.}) 41... Rh3+ 42. Kf2 {There isn't a discovered check on the board that can hurt Black, every one of his pieces and Pawns stand on a white square.} Rb3 43. Bg5+ Kg6 44. Re7 Rxb2+ 45. Kf3 Ra8 {Threatens 46....Ra3 mate.} 46. Rxe6+ {A spite check. Janowsky must realize there isn't one chance in a million that Capablanca will move 46.. .Kh5 and allow himself to be mated.} Kh7 {Diagram [#]} (46... Kh7 {Janowsky's checks run out. If} 47. Re7+ ({or} 47. Rh6+ Kg7 48. Kg3 Ra3+ 49. Kh4 Rh2#) 47... Kg8 {ends them.}) 0-1